Proteins are a fundamental part of our lives and they have different functions in our body. The most important is the one related to muscle recovery, after doing some physical effort or as some say, "tissue regeneration." However, it has other functions, such as:
- Catalysis: Protein enzymes that are responsible for performing chemical reactions in a faster and more efficient way.
- Regulatory: Protein hormones help maintain homeostasis in the body.
- Structural: Many proteins determine the shape or support in cells and tissues, as they form cables or rails to direct movement and are formed by the assembly of subunits.
- Defensive: They are in charge of defending the body.
There are many more functions that derive from the protein, the previous ones named would become the main ones, now comes the big question:
What are proteins?
Proteins are macromolecules that are united by peptide bonds and are formed by linear chains of amino acids, they provide 4 calories per gram, in the same way as carbohydrates but their main function is not energy.
All proteins are made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and most contain sulfur and phosphorus.
If you want to know how many proteins are optimal to consume for your age and activity level enter here
What is your function?
Proteins present various functions due to their structure and these are present in multiple biological processes such as hormonal, structural, defense, and movement enzymatic functions, among others.
Our cells in our body use amino acids to be able to produce our proteins because thanks to them the tissues, enzymes, hormones, antibodies, and some neurotransmitters.
Therefore, protein is essential for the formation or repair of muscles, bones, or other tissues. Some proteins can function as enzymes that promote chemical reactions in the body. Others act as transporters to transport food (such as lipids, vitamins, or minerals).
If you want to know about foods with more proteins, check our post hereí
Written by team of Fitness and sport
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